THINGS TO EXPECT:
CHLOROSIS, LEAF DROP of broadleaf evergreens. Induced by weather and season.
APHIDS on many landscape and garden plants. Predator insects are often very effective – when chemical applications are needed, apply by label directions.
SPIDER MITE infestations with spring warm-up and winds. Rinse susceptible plants weekly during this season with a forceful fine spray of water. Apply miticides if necessary.
WORMS IN VEGETABLE GARDENS – They appear on undersides of leaves first. Control them while they are small — older worms are difficult to kill. Thoroughly spraying plants with Bacillus thuringiensis or carbaryl is effective.
WEEDS follow winter and spring rains. Controls are more effective on young weeds. RUST-a fungus problem common on snapdragons after wet weather. A couple of broad spectrum fungicides on the market with good rust control capabilities, as per label, will provide adequate control.
PETUNIA DIE OUT – older petunias are susceptible to fungus as temperatures rise. Fungicide applications as a drench at the crown area should help to get them through the remaining bloom period.
POWDERY MILDEW often appears on new growth on roses – repeat fungicide applications are often needed to protect successive extension of leaf growth.
THINGS TO DO:
GET BARE-ROOT TRANSPLANTING DONE NOW, if it’s not already done.
CHECK STAKED TREES for stake rub and tie girdling injuries. Remove unnecessary stakes.
PRUNE CITRUS, BOUGAINVILLEA and other freeze tender shrubs and trees.
FERTILIZE FRUIT, NUT AND SHADE TREES, SHRUBS & VINES but don’t fertilize Bermuda grass lawns until May. Don’t fertilize over-seeded winter lawns after February.
WATER DEEPLY following fertilizations. Trees, shrubs, vines, etc. that have not received attentive watering would especially benefit from a good irrigation now.
PREPARE SOIL AND PLANT SPRING VEGETABLE GARDENS. Plant during February for early bloom pollination.
TREAT GUMMOSIS infested citrus trees.
APPLY MILDEW CONTROLS to grapevines after new growth starts.
PRUNE HEDGES – More severe cut-back is needed every year or two to maintain foliage vigor.
APPLY PRE-EMERGENT HERBICIDES.
THIN DECIDUOUS FRUIT to one or two fruit per shoot.